What Are Fungal Nail Infections?

A fungal nail infection is more than unpleasant and unsightly.

Left untreated, it will spread deeper into the nail and possibly to other nails, causing your nails to change color, become thicker and even crumble or break away from the skin. If you’ve noticed small spots at the tip of your nails, contact us as soon as possible.

These types of infections are increasingly common with increased age and rarely affects children. Our team will examine your nails and recommend the correct treatment for your condition, which might range from topical treatments to surgical removal of the nail.

Signs and Symptoms of Fungal Nail Infections

The signs and symptoms of fungal nail infections may include:

  • Whitish or yellow streak on one side of your nail
  • The end of the nail becomes brittle, crumbly or ragged and may easily lift
  • A thickened area of the infected nail
  • Yellow spots in the half-moon area of your nail
  • A distinct foul smell

Nail fungus can affect fingernails, but it’s more common in toenails.

Causes of Fungal Nail Infections

Fungal nail infections are caused by various fungal organisms (fungi). The most common cause is a type of fungus called dermatophyte. Yeast and molds also can cause nail infections.

Fungal nail infection can develop in people at any age, but it’s more common in older adults. As the nail ages, it can become brittle and dry. The resulting cracks in the nails allow fungi to enter. Other factors — such as reduced blood circulation to the feet and a weakened immune system — also may play a role.

Fungal Nail Infections Treatments

Fungal nail infections can be difficult to treat and how they respond often depends on the severity of your infection and the type of fungus causing it.

Our treatments Include:

  • Oral antifungal drugs
  • Medicated nail cream
  • Medicated nail polish
  • Pulsed light therapy

Our team may recommend the temporary removal of the nail so that the antifungal drug directly may be applied directly to the infection under the nail.