Checking for and Preventing Skin Cancer

By Jon R. Ward, MD, Robert Calcote, MD, John H. Phillips III, MD, John L. Ratz, MD

Each year in the U.S. over 5.4 million cases of nonmelanoma skin cancer are treated in more than 3.3 million people. And, it is estimated that over 140,000 more will be diagnosed with melanoma in 2016. Because we know that ultraviolet radiation causes 90% of skin cancers, the key is to limit exposure, especially in those at highest risk for skin cancer. The majority of these types of skin cancers is highly curable. Basal cell carcinoma, the most common form of skin cancer, and squamous cell carcinoma, the second most common form, rarely spread beyond the skin. Melanoma is the most lethal form of skin cancer and is fortunately the least common of the three main types of skin cancer. The rates of melanoma continue to rise, largely affecting young women, and it is now the most common cause of cancer death in young adults ages 25 to 29.

Who is at greatest risk for skin cancer?
The greatest risk factors for melanoma are a personal or family history of melanoma and the presence of atypical or numerous (>50) moles. Other risk factors for all forms of skin cancer include fair skin, a history of blistering sunburns (especially in childhood), excessive sun exposure, UV tanning booth usage, personal or family history of skin cancer, a weakened immune system, and advanced age.

How can you prevent skin cancer? 
The best way to prevent skin cancer is to avoid exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Ultraviolet radiation from either the sun or other sources causes DNA damage to the skin. Cells with damaged DNA are the ones that form cancer. Wear protective clothing when outdoors and consider avoiding outdoor exposure from 10 AM to 4 PM when the ultraviolet light is strongest. On exposed skin, wear a sunscreen with SPF 30 or greater. Apply it prior to sun exposure and reapply every two hours, especially if swimming or with excessive sweating. And, avoid indoor tanning beds altogether.

What are the signs of skin cancer? 
Melanoma, the most lethal form of skin cancer, either develops new or within a pre-existing mole. It is normal to develop new moles into young adulthood. Any person over age 40 who develops a new mole should be evaluated by a Board-Certified dermatologist. An existing mole that exhibits any of the ABCDE features should also be referred for expert consultation. Asymmetry, Border Irregularity, Color Change, Diameter > 6mm, and Evolution/Elevation are all signs that a previously benign mole has changed and now needs further scrutiny. Basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas appear as non-healing pearly or scaly bumps that bleed easily and are sometimes tender to the touch.

How is skin cancer diagnosed? 
All three types of skin cancer are best diagnosed by biopsy. A small sample of the skin can be taken with almost no pain. A small needle is used to numb the skin and the straight blade can be used to shave a small portion of the skin for evaluation and diagnosis. This technique requires no suture and when performed properly on a small tumor leaves no perceivable scar.

How is skin cancer treated?
Early forms of basal cell and squamous cell skin cancer may be treated non-surgically using liquid nitrogen (cryosurgery), electrocautery, currettage, light-based treatments, laser treatments and topical creams. Surgical removal is also used to eliminate these cancers, by excision or by performing Mohs micrographic surgery. For patients who are poor surgical candidates, superficial radiation therapy may be recommended. If melanoma is diagnosed, and is in its earliest stages, a dermatologist may choose to surgically remove it in their office. However, if the melanoma has spread beyond the top layer of the skin, more extensive treatment will be needed. This often requires having the melanoma removed by a general surgeon or surgical oncologist, and may also include radiation, chemotherapy and/or immunotherapy treatments.

Where can you learn more about skin cancer and its prevention? 
Visit, the website of the Skin Cancer Foundation, or visit, the website of the American Academy of Dermatology. Or, schedule a visit with a Board-Certified dermatologist for a skin screening and more information.

Scheduling a comprehensive skin screening with Dermatology Specialists?
We encourage you to take the time, not the risk, and schedule your appointment for a comprehensive skin screening by calling us at 877-231-3376.

Superficial Radiation Thereapy Is Revolutionizing Skin Cancer Treatment In A Dermatological Setting

Now Available at Dermatology Specialists of Mississippi in Biloxi

Biloxi, MS – Dermatology Specialists of Mississippi is now offering Superficial Radiation Therapy (SRT) as a treatment option for patients with non-melanoma skin cancer.  This advanced technology is offered in less than 1% of dermatology clinics and has a 95%+ cure rate for non-melanoma skin cancer. There are four million new cases of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma diagnosed in the United States each year. Patients have grown weary of ongoing surgical interventions, are becoming well educated about options, and are seeking out non-invasive solutions. SRT is an excellent alternative treatment method to surgery and treatments are well tolerated by patients because there is no pain and no scarring.  Unlike traditional radiation, SRT uses low energy radiotherapy so skin reactions are typically mild and very small.  Treatments on the SkinCure SRT-100 Vision are completed in as little as one month over 20 fractions – over 40% fewer treatments than in cancer centers!


Skin cancer is the leading form of cancer in the United States and we are happy to offer our patients options when it comes to their treatment. The SRT procedure takes just minutes in our office and offers the same cure rates as surgical treatments, destroying skin cancer without any collateral damage to healthy skin cells. It is ideal for patients with health risks that prevent them from undergoing surgical treatment, or patients who wish to avoid the pain and scarring associated with surgery.

Posted in MS

A New Name. A Continuing Commitment.

“Being highly visible and clearly understood within our community and across the states we now serve requires strong brand recognition,” says Dr. Phillips. That’s why our new name in Mississippi – Dermatology Specialists of Mississippi – clearly defines our unique and patient-focused brand as we go forward and continue to serve and care for the Biloxi community and beyond.

Being part of a unified team of offices in Florida, Georgia and Alabama gives us a powerful story to tell. We were ranked in the top 1% of group medical practices in the country, by Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), because of our commitment to deliver advanced dermatology care with the knowledge and passion necessary. We believe our new name is the ideal platform to continue providing this excellence.

Our new name also reflects our continued emphasis on the promotion of skin cancer prevention and guiding patients on how to best achieve and maintain their healthiest skin at every age. It’s why we’re here.


Posted in MS